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Raspbian is the official operating system for the Raspberry Pi, and based on the excellent Debian Linux distribution. Raspain comes in to flavors: full Raspbian with the Pixel desktop, or Raspbian Lite with no desktop. So go ahead and visit the Raspbian Downloads page, download the appropriate version for your project. The version we will be using is: Raspbian Stretch with desktop and recommended software
Raspbian comes pre-installed with plenty of software for education, programming and general use. It has Python, Scratch, Sonic Pi, Java and more.
Burn Raspbian to SD Card
Once you have finished downloading the Raspbian Zip file, follow the instructions below to burn the IMG file to your MicroSD card.
Approve the change to the SD card with your laptop password
Students must view before setting up the RPi.
Tutorial 01: Parts of the RPi
Tutorial 02: Setting Up the Rpi to work in the Digital Zone
Note: Check the shape of the connection and Use the HDMI port next to the existing cable.
Place the micro SD card into the RPi and turn on the power.
Once you have your Raspberry Pi setup and plugged in, turn the power switch on via wall socket (there is no on/off switch for the Pi) and look for the boot up screen which resembles a Debian-like boot up process and then a welcome screen as below:
Debian will automatically expand the filesystem and reboot. After the reboot sequence has finished, you should now be looking at the Desktop or a login prompt.
For school you should have a desktop
If you are logging in at the command prompt the you will need to login with the default username pi and password raspberry (use the Enter key after each command):
From the desktop select the Raspberry in the top left corner.
1) Select Preferences
2) Raspberry Pi Configuration
From the Raspberry Pi Configuration
1) Change the Hostname from raspberrypi to LAMP and the number given to you by your teacher (e.g. LAMP001)
1) Select Interfaces
2) Enable SSH
3) Enable VNC
4) Select OK and Reboot the raspberry pi with a Yes.
Configure the Default Settings:
Use the Default Password!!!! All lower case.
Select WiFi Network
Skip this at this stage.
You will need to wait for several minutes (can take up to 20 minutes at school) while the RPi updates all it's softeare and links.
Reboot the Pi when this is finished.
You are now installed and have your Raspbian up to date and read for the LAMP.
If you are working from the command line in terminal: